Fortresses on the Danube in Serbia

Tourist attractions along the Danube

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7 forts that guarded the Danube

Fortresses built along the Danube cros the Serbia, witnesses the most interesting historical events in that beautiful country and Balkan region from antiquity to the modern history.

Some preserved in its entirety, today are the strongest advantages of tourism, some remained only on that track on this river, and for some we still do not know much. What is certain, they have played an important defencive role at the crossroads of Europe, changed the invaders, destroyed and rebuilt and today are examples of impressive architecture and incredible stories.

Fortress Bac
Bac fortress is one of the oldest fortifications in Vojvodina due to the fact that it is mentioned in the writings of the Emperor Justinian. It is considered the finding of the Danube, although not directly on the bank of the river, because it is in its basin. This old lady on the ground full with historical upheaval exchanged a handful of conquerors. The fort was the center of the diocese, were destroyed by the Mongols, conquered by Austro-Hungarians and Turks and was destroyed to the ground, but still preserves some of its most famous parts. Part of the fortress that is preserved today was built in the time of Hungarian King Charles Robert, a large part was destroyed during the uprising that followed. Regardless of that Backa fortress is one of the best preserved today. Of the ruins there is one central tower and four on the side which is partially reconstructed.

Foto by: Portal Guest(Irena Cuckovic)

Fortress Petrovaradin
Petrovaradinfortress, one of the first associations on Novi Sad imposingly is rising up on the right bank of the Danube and is now the picture of the defense fortifications erected by the Austrians in the seventeenth century. This Gilblatar on the Danube River as it is called, was built as a strong defense of the invasion of Turks to the place where, according to historical evidence, there medieval fortress and settlement even before the new era.
As a medieval fortress had the famous walls that were defended Austro-Hungarian Empire during the war with the Ottomans. In the second half of the seventeenth century after Turks left, the Austro-Hungarians came to fortress and begin to strengthen the fortress who collapses and built new fortifications by the modern standards. After the Karlovac peace began construction of the fortress as it stands today, but soon there was a new Turkish-Austrian war and the fortress was again the location of one of the most conflict area. The battle was uncertain at the end and exhausted Turks, Fortress has demonstrated the strength of its walls, and the Austrian generals their skills, so new fortress resist attacks, the Turks were defeated and Austria has gained a favorable position for further negotiations, after which she get North Serbia.
It is curious that traces of that battle you can still see in the surrounding of cities Alibegovac, Tatar hill and Vezirac. The fortress is of course with its walls witnessed the significant events during the First Serbian Rebel and during the First World War. During the Great War, after the Sarajevo assassination, the Austrians fortress used as a prison for prisoners of whom there were more. Historical data indicate that in the castle was even closed and the Austrian squad leader Josip Broz. After the First World War fortress became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. No matter the numerous conflicts in which had been in first plan, Petrovaradin fortress and today is a magnificent and great in its form that is centuries decoration of Danube.
Known Drunk Clock Watch, the guns, the most beautiful view of Novi Sad are the most common sights you can see in the photographs of those who visit this old lady. The stories are hidden in each of its meter, the most interesting are of course in the catacombs that are still not fully explored, and one part is lit and open for tourists. The fortress today many know by the most famous festival EXIT, in its endurance and today shows receiving tens of thousands of visitors from around the world.

Foto by: Miroslav Lj Rankovic

Fortress Kalemegdan
Belgrade fortress also known as Kalemegdan is one of the most famous in Serbia, a monument to the Winner's is certainly one of the most common visual association to our nation's capital. History which kept the walls of Kalemegdan is turbulent, full of upheaval, and this is evident in its style, which is preserved to this day. Traces indicate that the building existed already in the Neolithic period, and history testifies that has always been the preferred prey of various conquerors in the region.
Early Byzantine style of construction is credited with white marble that is gleamed in plain and that’s why capital, according to one of today's opinions and get name White City. Belgrade fortress was ruled by Hungarians, Bulgarians until it came into the possession of the Byzantine Empire, and then had their turn and conquers by Turkey and Austro-Hungary.
Today it is a museum of Belgrade Fortress and richest treasury which keeps tracks of different epochs. The white parts of the fortress are the Byzantine style and medieval layer construction according to which the whole town was named, while the red part of the legacy of the Austrian or Ottoman eras and represent artillery time. Kalemegdan also preserves the remains of a Roman fort, the remains of the despot city, Stambol gate, Nebojsa tower, Roman well, Sahat Tower and other landmarks that remind us of the various stages through which passed one of the oldiest fortifications with us.

Foto by: Portal Guest(Marko Dimitrijevic)

Fortress Smederevo
Smederevo fortress was built on the model of Constantinople in the fifteenth century. It represented one of the largest military fortifications in Europe, is also was the seat of the Serbian despot. He picked it up in the second quarter of the fifteenth century as a military, economic and administrative seat of the Serbian despot and as its own fortified castle. Because of the difficulty of building it was built with great effort, for which they were among the people in front of the many legends of the period.
Smederevo fortress represents the last major achievement of Serbian military architecture. Walls of Smederevo fortress showed its strength during the siege of the Ottomans who 20 years unsuccessfully tried to conquer them in 1459, the fortress was handed over without a fight, which marked the end of despotism in Serbia. The Turkish army left the Smederevo in 1867 when, together with six other Serbian cities surrender to Prince Milos Obrenovic. About the design Smederevo Fortress is perhaps best illustrated by the fact that since the end of construction and the subsequent addition of four artillery towers by the Ottomans after the surrender of the city, in it has not made any modification until the end of its military use in the second half of the nineteenth century. Otherwise, Smederevo City was built in just this spot, with the then border with the Kingdom of Hungary, due to the potential danger from the Ottomans.
Despot Djuradj and his family could easily switch to the safe ground of northern neighbour. Smederevo fortress survived but was significantly damaged during the World Wars but is still to this day kept her desideratum. Great city is today, unfortunately, exposed to the merciless ravages of time and the frequent collapsing, while the small town successfully restored and preserved allowing him, at least to some extent, returned to its previous appearance. In the small town are often held a variety of cultural and sports events, especially during the traditional event "Smederevo Autumn" when small city becomes a big stage under the clear sky. The entire complex of the Smederevo fortress since 1946, is under state protection. The fortress is open for all visitors so you can personally familiar with its architecture and history that preserves.

Foto by: Portal Guest(Marko Dimitrijevic)

Fortress Ram
Ram is one of the oldest fortress in the Serbia or region, although it is not known when exactly it was built. It was first mentioned in documents in 1128, when in the vicinity of the fortress Byzantines defeated the Hungarians. After that, these walls have witnessed many battles that led various forces some time. Fortress Ram was mentioned during the Ottoman conquest, when the Turks turned the conquest of Hungary and the Pannonian Plain.
Then the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II revised and strengthened the fortress for the struggle that awaits them and gave her a look that still does today. Just like the year of creation fortifications and its creator is unknown. According to one story fortress that stands today on the bank of the Danube about 15 km from Veliko Gradiste was built by brothers Romulus and Remus, the founders of the world famous city of Rome. But this is only one of the legends that binds to a medieval fortress like the one that it spent some time Attila the Hun. What is quite certain is that the Fortress Ram was a Roman fortress due to the board at its base to testify.
Fortress Ram is one of the oldest fortress in the region and has the shape of an irregular pentagon and it makes by the five towers that by its architectureare similar but on different positions. Opens for guns in the walls confirmed that this was artillery fortress, which is surrounded by walls and a dry moat. Inside the fortress was discovered in the Orthodox church on whose grounds he later built a mosque. In the vicinity of Rama is the settlement of which the ferry crossed in Banat. It is interesting that there are no organized tours to fortress Ram, and curious passers-by who saw the way this particular building is organized themselves and went on a tour of one of the oldest fortresses in Serbia. As evidenced by reports from this region a place that has such a cultural - historical monument, stands empty sometimes to the postman, a fortress looks as it is waiting for something. An Italian and a girl from Pozarevac even got married within the walls of this building in 2008. Photos of the wedding were published in Italian newspapers, and the view from the fortress on the Danube months after were on billboard in Trieste.
Ram fortress was in the process of reconstruction, as residents say the lights are set so much nicer looking than before. Plan of local government is that central fortress and then into regular tours in agencies. The fortress was a few years ago visited by representatives of Turkey that Ram wants to put into a tour for foreign tourists "Roads of the Ottoman Empire."

Foto by: Portal Guest(Irena Cuckovic)

Fortress Golubac
Golubac fortress is an imposing medieval fortress on the Danube near Golubac. Positioned at the entrance to the Iron Gate makes it an extremely attractive. Golubac fortress is one of the impressive buildings situated on the Danube, which is classified as a cultural and historical monuments of great importance. For this beautiful building are related various myths and legends, not knowning exactly who built it or when. In progressis the great restoration of Golubac fortress that its appearance deserves careful attention, an is located on steep cliffs 4 km from Golubac and imposing rises on the rocky slopes of Homolje mountains. It stands at the entrance to the beautiful Iron Gate and together make a fascinating tourist complex created by nature and history together.
Fortress fanlike form consists of front, rear and upper town. Its main specificity of nine massive towers that are rising up to 25m, and are designed so that the interior of the tower testifies about the places that are reserved for guns and other ammunition of that time. No one knows exactly who and when they began to connect the fortress on Danube, but was first mentioned in writings dating from the thirteenth century and as a Hungarian facility. It is therefore characterized as a medieval fortress building. Golubac fortress has a turbulent history,for her was many battlefields and often envied her and losing the strong force that led to the wars in this region. Prince Lazar was trying to conquer this building mostly without success, but in the early fifteenth century, however, came in the Serbian property. After the death of despot Stefan, the Turks advance in their conquest in the territory of Hungary, and won the Golubac fortress and keep it in his possession until the early nineteenth century.
There is an interesting legend that explains the name of this fortress on the Danube. According to the folk tale in the city lived a beautiful girl called Golubana. About her beauty was widely heard, so for himselves wanted her Turkish pasha who lavished gifts. However, beautiful Golubana did not accept his courtship gestures and persistently refused him. Pasha ordered the Golubana to be fine, so the girl to be tied to a rock above the Danube, birds mutilated her body, and she died. The memory of her and her beauty and the sad fate of the rest of the people, and the place where she lived, received its name Golubac.There is another legend that says that in the imposing building lived a princess Helena who breed pigeons to alleviate the sadness and loneliness, and a third legend of the cliff from which rises a fortress settled pigeons hence the name Golubac.
Fortress inside overgrown with vegetation that has greatly damaged the structure, and thus is not allowed on the within the city, but only outside. In 2014 began the reconstruction of this amazing building and Golubac fortress be opened to visitors in 2017.

Foto by: Portal Guest(Irena Cuckovic)

Fortress Fetislam
Fetislam is a medieval fortress from the XVI century that Turks have raised a few kilometers from Kladovo along the Danube River. Fetislam was the starting point of invading Ottoman leaders intent on Hungarian cities. It is interesting that the fortress was built by the orders of the famed Suleiman the Magnificent, and to build it was in charge Bali Beg who made named her Fethi Islam. Fortress from then comprise two parts from different eras,Small and Big city. In accordance with the time at which it was created, this finding has the characteristics of early artillery fortifications. Rectangular in shape, and consists of an upper and coastal parts. At the corners are round towers that have a ground floor and two floors, and ended with the conical wooden roofs. Towers connecting walls that have ended walkways bordered teeth.The oldest description of the fortress dates from 1666, and gave it to the Turkish traveler Evliya Çelebi. The fortress is today largely preserved, but is threatened from Danube sides.
The fortress was researched archaeologicly and conservation works were carried out during the construction of hydroelectric power plant Djerdap. The fortress is located next tomain road with a special approach to the fortress. Decorated walkways and cobblestone paths within the fortress, and coastal road of the fortress was flooded during the construction of hydro power plant Djerdap. Kladovo's fortress today is under state protection as a cultural monument of great significance.

    Author: Gordana Ivkovic
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