A place where beauty begins
Mountain Tara nature has richly rewarded with many natural beauties which makes it one of the most beautiful mountain in Serbia and also the favorite tourist destination for many Serbs.
One of the legends about the origin of the name Tara says the ancient Celts had their beauty goddess Tara. Searching for one of the most beautiful places to raise her temple, they were going through Europe until they came to our mountain beauty. Impressed by her beauty and tranquility, they decided right here, at a place located near the present hotel "Omorika" to raise the temple.
Mountain Tara is positioned in the middle part of the river Drina, in a place where she repeatedly breaks,and belongs to the southwestern Serbia. Is a national park and also a huge tourist wealth of our country. It belongs to the inner belt of the Dinaric Mountains, occupying an area of 183 km2. Tara is about 50 km long, 22 km wide and has an average altitude that varies between 1,000 and 1,200 m. The highest peak of the mountain Tara is Zboriste with a height of 1,544 meters and the highest peak in the national park is Kozji Rid with a height of 1,591 meters. Of the total area that Tara has, over 70% are dense coniferous forests.
The development of tourism on Tara began before World War II, at the Kaludjerske ponds, where the Raca monastery founded the first mountain lodge with 60 beds. Bajina Basta is situated below the slopes of the mountain of Tara, at an altitude of 257m and is the center of the region.
National Park status to Tara Mountain was granted on 13 July 1981. Park interventions an area of nearly 25,000 ha and contributes to the preservation of nature for the benefit of tourists and visitors. Since 1993, the law prohibited reading gentian on mountain slopes, in the nursery of the National Park Tara in 2005 began the plantation cultivation of these plants, whose root is used in the pharmaceutical industry and bitter spirits. Area NP Tara is rich in archaeological sites dating from the Neolithic period to the Middle Ages. Here there are numerous vantage points, including as the most beautiful and most famous in Serbia stands lookout Cernjeskovo and in the first place a lookout Banjska Stena.
Tara mountain in the world's literature introduced Josif Pancic, a physician and naturalist, who is here discovered a new species sawmills, today known as Pancic spruce. After many wanderings he came across it on the hill Vis, in the village of Zaovine, where today there is a beautiful mountain lake turquoise green. At Tara grows 1,100 species of plants of which 32 rows until 13 of them listed as endemic. This mountain is the last oasis of many species of conifers, including very rare yew and Serbian spruce.
The law protected the following nature reserves: Zvezda, Cranberries canyon, the gorge of Derventa, the site under mustard, plum Racanska, Raca Gorge, Bilo, Buttercup Bank and Red Rock. At these sites live Pancic's grasshopper, endemic insect species, which survived the Ice Age. On Tari were recorded 153 bird species and 53 mammal species.
The climate is one of the most important factors for the valorisation of the mountain Tara as a tourist destination due to the extreme vertical relief. Thanks to the wealth of woods and clean air, the mountain is suitable for treating a number of diseases, recovery, break from urban life and the like.
Due to the position, the mountain Tara is favorable for tourism development because it allows diverse content of tourist travel, or visit a large number of tourist sites. The natural attractions include: the Drina River canyon, picnic at Raca (Hajducka fountain, horse farm), Lake Perucac and Zaovine lake. Anthropogenic attractions of Tara are: Raca Monastery (XIII century), a wooden church in Dub (XVIII century), Solotus City (Middle Ages), prehistoric sites and modern memorial rich tourist infrastructure - the hotel complexes in town and on Tara.
During the winter months there are conditions for sledding, cross country skiing and beginners skiing. Mountaineers has 18 hiking trails which are appropriately rated. For visitors and tourists who are fans of cycling tourism, biking is determined by the 27 cycling routes on which can go on adventure.
In the Mitar’s Field, Kaludjerske Ponds, Raca Brandy and Pred Cross has more tourist - catering facilities. Accommodation is available at the hotel "Omorika" with the annex "Javor" and the hotel "Beli bor" at Tara operates under the Military Institution "Tara", based on 7 July 1977. Also nearby are the hotels "Drina" with modern sports - recreational center and conference hall, in the center of Bajina Basta, "Lake" near Lake Perucac, "Tourist", motel "Belvi", children's resort and a large number of private accommodation.
River Drina occupies the central place of the western part of the Balkan Peninsula and belongs to Sava River Basin. In its upper and middle reaches of Scepan-Polje to Zvornik, bordered by numerous mountains, makes the occasional, more or less, turn to the north-west or north-east, from which comes the name of the curve Drina. Drina hydropower potential is high.
Damming the river created numerous artificial lakes, as a new element in the continental area. Instead of fast and noisy river, behind the concrete dam, resting deep lake water, in which, as in a mirror, reflects and multiplies the riverside area. One of these is Lake Perucac, founded by building hydroelectric power plant "Bajina Basta", which is one of our biggest limnological objects. Water is used to produce electricity, as well as for smaller tourist boats.
Special highlightsthe attractiveness goes to Lake Zaovine, which is jagged coastline and functions, unique in our country. Basen lake is filled with water from the reservoir Perucac when there is enough water, and reduced power consumption. When there is not enough water, and increased consumption of electricity, production is offset by water from lake Zaovine in reversible hydroelectric power plant, which is made by our and Japanese experts.
In addition to the dam is settlement Perucac. It has evolved far from a strong karst spring, with which water is fed trout pond and runs 365 m long river Vrelo, which is building a waterfall now flows into the Drina. Above the springs, dams, hydroelectric power plants and lakes, rocky rise to cut the mountain of Tara, in whose foothills, near Bajina Basta, located medieval monastery Raca. Church of the Ascension of Christ was founded by King Dragutin. Raca Monastery is the center of cultural manifestation "Dani Race" next to the Drina River.
On the southern slopes is the Mokra Gora through which meanders Sargan lines, one of the most preserved narrow gauge railway in Europe, where today lives, in his Drvengrad and our greatest film director, Emir Kusturica. Southeast, 40 km from the center of Tara is a mountain Zlatibor, and in the southwest is town of Visegrad, famous bridge which was built by Mehmed-Pasha Sokolovic, more than four centuries ago. The Bridge on the Drina in world literature brought a Nobel laureate Ivo Andric with work "Bridge on the Drina".
There is a proposal to UNESCO to include the Tara with canyon Drina and hunting grounds "Susica" i"Kamenica", located in the Republic of Serbian, in the list of world cultural and natural heritage, as a special protection zone of exceptional beauty and importance.
If you choose to visit and tour the Tara, one thing is certain, you will enjoy the natural beauties of Serbia, taking with you many and beautiful memories from that trip.
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